Research Interests

Bifurcation Theory: Starting from the time I was a Ph-D student, my interest is with the dynamics that arise after perurbation of degenerate dynamical systems. In particular, I have studied the case where a given vector field possesses a degenerate homoclinic orbit, See Ref  [1,2,3,4,5,10].  We show the existence of chaos, strange attractors [1, 3] and the existence of infinitely many homoclinic doubling cascades [2,4].
   Techniques developed in [1,3] and those in [7,8] (see section ('normal for theory' below) are used to investigate strange attractor with a large entropy [10]. This later results reveals the only knowledge of low order terms in asymptotics are not always  sufficient to describe/anticipate the dynamics.

Mathematics in Biology: Classical normal form theory is used to investigated the dynamics of Predator-Prey systems with their bifurcation pattern. A 2-dimensional predator-prey model with five parameters is investigated, adapted from the Volterra-Lotka system by a non-monotonic response function. A description of the various domains of structural stability and their bifurcations is given. The bifurcation structure is reduced to four organising centres of codimension 3. Research is initiated on time-periodic perturbations by several examples of strange attractors. See [12,13].  In order to classify all possible Morse-Smale portrait, we proceed to a surgery
applied to limit-cycle and elaborate a classification of the Morse-Smale portraits 'Modulo' the limit cycles. This is of great help to anticipate the dynamics and their bifurcation.    

Normal Form Theory : Motivated by the research done in homoclinic bifurcations, we are interested in the Dulac map of germ of a vector field. A result is proposed in [6] int he case of a saddle in the three-dimensional space. Other result concern a direct (asymptotic) computation of a linearisation, conjugating the germ
with its linear part. First results are obtained in the case of a single vector field [7,8] and later in terms of family [17]. These results ohold in any dimension. A non mooth normal form theory is develop (which generalise that of Poincare-Dulac) that eliminate resonant term by resonant term.   This non smooth normal form carries Dulac or compensator expansion. A Dulac expansion is formed by monomial terms that may contain a specific logarithmic factor. In compensator expansions this logarithmic factor is deformed. In [18] such expansions are studied in the frame of quasi periodic bifurcation. We study analytic properties of compensator and Dulac expansions in a single variable.  We first consider Dulac expansions when the power of the  logarithm is either  0 or 1. Here we construct an explicit exponential scaling  in the space of coefficients, which in an exponentially narrow horn, up to rescaling and division, leads to a polynomial expansion. A similar result holds for the compensator case.